Cotton: A natural fiber of vegetable origin. It is similar to linen, jute and hemp and is known for its strong fibers and extreme absorbency.
What is the difference between 30’s and 40’s Cotton?
It is simply the unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. The higher the number (30’s, 40’s etc) the finer the thread and the better the drape will be on the body.
Combed Cotton: Spun cotton yarn that is extremely soft due to a combing treatment during spinning. The treatment takes out any impurities that the spun cotton would have leaving long, straight, even fibers.
Organic Cotton: Cotton that is grown without pesticides from plants which are not genetically modified.
Ring Spun Cotton: A way to spin the rougher feel of raw cotton to make it smoother. The spinning also adds strength to the fibers of garments.
Pima Cotton: Cotton similar to Egyptian cotton due to its long staple threads. This cotton is superior to carded and combed cotton. It is stronger and more durable, yet light to wear making it comfortable.
Cotton Jersey: Knitted fabric that is slightly stretchy. It has a smooth front with a more textured back. Jersey is known for being soft and warm. Jersey can be washed on hot and dried on a medium setting. Usually Jersey is made with finer threads such as 30’s and 40’s.
Heather Cotton Jersey or Heather: A yarn that is dyed before it is spun.
Eco Heather: Same as Heather cotton Jersey, but spun and made using organic methods.
Polyester: The fibers are manufactured from synthetic polymers. They are usually combined with cottons in 50/50 blends. Polyester has tremendous strength and great resiliency. It resists shrinkage, stretching, and wrinkles. It also has low absorbency so the fiber dries much fast than natural fibers.
Rayon: A fiber made from processed cellulose Rayon is a soft comfortable fabric similar to silk. It is absorbent and cuts similar to cotton. Rayon can shrink so it is best if pre-treated and hand washed or dry cleaned. Rayon has a natural draping ability making it easy to wear on the body.
Naturally Occurring Rayon: Rayon is sometimes referred to as natural because it comes from cellulose (a naturally occurring organic compound) it is however semi-natural because rayon is manufactured cellulose.
Bamboo Fabric: Bamboo is a natural textile and bamboo fabric is made from the pulp of bamboo grass. It is a light-weight fabric that is very strong. One of its many properties is that it is considered to be antibacterial. It insulated keeping you cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
Fabric Weight: The measure of fabric weight in ounces per square yard.
Nylon: Nylon is a durable fiber that is resistant to damage from oil and many chemicals. It has low absorbency making it dry faster than other fibers. Nylon is easily dyed to many different colors.